v.net.path - Find shortest path on vector network.
v.net.path [-gs] input=name output=name [type=string[,string,...]] [alayer=integer] [nlayer=integer] [afcolumn=string] [abcolumn=string] [ncolumn=string] [dmax=float] [--overwrite]
- Use geodesic calculation for longitude-latitude locations
- Write output as original input segments, not each path as one line.
- Force overwrite of output files
- Name of input vector map
- Name for output vector map
- Arc type
- Options: line,boundary
- Default: line,boundary
- Arc layer
- Default: 1
- Node layer
- Default: 2
- Arc forward/both direction(s) cost column
- Arc backward direction cost column
- Node cost column
- Maximum distance to the network if start/end are given as coordinates. If start/end point is outside this threshold, the path is not found and error message is printed. To speed up the process, keep this value as low as possible.
- Default: 1000
v.net.path can find shortest path(s) on the vector network.
Costs may be either line lengths, or attributes saved in a database
table. These attributes values are taken as costs of whole segments. If read
from the table, arcs' costs may be different in both directions.
Shortest paths are written to output vector file and attached attribute table.
Nodes can be piped into the program from file or from stdin. The
syntax is as follows:
id start_point_category end_point_category
Points specified by category must be exactly on network nodes,
while, when specifying coordinates, the next node to a given
coordinate pair is used.
id start_point_x start_point_y end_point_x end_point_y
If the columns 'afcol', 'abcol' and 'ncol' costs are not
specified, the length of network segments is measured and
zero costs are assumed for nodes.
When using attributes, the length of segments is not used. To get
more precise results, length should be taken indirectly into account
by attributes. For example, to get the fastest path the columns
'max_speed' and 'length' are required. The correct fastest path can then
be found by specifying afcol=length/max_speed (pg driver). If needed,
the line length can be calculated and written to the attributes table
Shortest path from node 9 to 12 (nlayer=1 if no extra table for nodes):
echo "1 9 12" | v.net.path network afcol=forward abcol=backward out=mypath nlayer=1
d.vect mypath col=red
Radim Blazek, ITC-Irst, Trento, Italy
Last changed: $Date: 2006/01/02 14:44:52 $
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